Climate change and agriculture are interrelated processes, both of which take place on a global scale, with the adverse effects of climate change affecting agriculture both directly and indirectly. Famine Early Warning Systems Network—Informing Climate Change Adaptation Series . (2001) suggested that climate change would cause substantial negative health impacts in developing countries. Human activity is the main cause of climate change. o What are the water-related effects of climate change in the United States? Food Security Context: Complex Patterns of Climate, Climate Change, and Livelihoods. Most rural people live in the highlands and middle-highlands, which comprise only one-third of the country, and this population tends to be . Studies into food insecurity and climate in Ethiopia are often founded on the presumption that drought causes food insecurity in Ethiopia, and that by extension efforts to reduce the impact of drought through early warning mechanisms, or in the introduction of drought-resilient crops, for example, can tackle food insecurity in the country (Bryan et al. Yesuf, M., DiFalco, S., Ringler, C., and Köhlin, G. (2008), ‘Impact of climate change and adaptation to climate change on food production in low-income countries: household survey data evidence from the Nile Basin of Ethiopia’, IFPRI Discussion Paper Series No. The main environmental problems in the country include land degradation, soil erosion, deforestation, loss of biodiversity, desertification, recurrent drought, flood and water and air pollution. Climate change is expected to push people away from uninhabitable rural areas and into cities. Smith et al. More erratic and extreme weather in recent years has made it more difficult for the poorest communities in not just Ethiopia, but around the world to grow harvests to feed themselves. Most climate scientists agree the main cause of the current global warming trend is human expansion of the "greenhouse effect" — warming that results when the atmosphere traps heat radiating from Earth toward space. The results of the seasonal sta… Women and girls in particular are disproportionately affected by climate variability. 1. Perception of and adaptation to climate change by farmers in the Nile basin of Ethiopia, Analysis of observed and perceived climate change and variability in Arsi Negele District, Ethiopia, Impact of climate change on the water resources of Awash River Basin, Ethiopia, Smallholder farmers’ adaptation to climate change and determinants of their adaptation decisions in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia, Time series trend analysis of temperature and rainfall in lake Tana Sub-basin, Ethiopia, View 11 excerpts, cites background and methods, Environment, Development and Sustainability, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. In times of crisis, women tend to stay home with their children, while men move away to look for alternative means of survival. Climate Change 101: How is the global climate changing and what are the causes? For example, in 2007, scientists from the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) predicted that warming oceans and melting glaciers due to global warming and climate change could cause … This study examines change and trends of 21 climate extremes of temperature and precipitation over Ethiopia by using indices from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Expert Team on Climate Change Detection and Indices (ETCCDI). Small-scale farmers and pastoralists in Ethiopia are likely to bear the brunt of the negative impacts of climate change in the region, which will include increased poverty, water scarcity, and food insecurity, according to a new Oxfam International report released today. Strengthen cooperation among policymakers, nongovernmental organizations, research institutions, and the media. Livestock production in the tropics is currently vulnerable to climate risk and therefore will be significantly affected by future climate change; conversely, livestock production is the largest source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agriculture. Adapting to climate change for food security in the Rift Valley dry lands of Ethiopia: supplemental irrigation, plant density and sowing date, Climate change vulnerability in Ethiopia: disaggregation of Tigray Region, Perception and adaptation models of climate change by the rural people of lake Tana Sub-Basin, Ethiopia. And it begins to rain after the crops have already been ruined,” Sefya Funge, a farmer in Adamitullu Jiddo Kombolcha district in Ethiopia told Oxfam. Lemn Sissay's inspiring poem for WaterAid highlights the impact of climate change in Ethiopia Written by Katy Cowan on 19 November 2020. 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