Its distinguishing feature is its carapace, which has a smooth, leathery skin that covers a flexible matrix of bone. You can find out more about how many leatherback turtles are left in the world here. These far-ranging habits are made possible by their ability to regulate their body temperature to survive in colder waters. More Less. Adults average 1–1.75 metres (3.3–5.7 ft) in shell length, 1.83–2.2 metres (6.0–7.2 ft) in total length and weigh 250 to 700 kilograms (550 to 1,540 lb). The other species of leatherbacks had a different diet, so the leatherback sea turtle had a large food source. Leatherback turtles can be found in almost all oceans in the world and while they feed in temperate waters, their breeding is done in tropical areas. Because leatherback sea turtles are one of the few species that feeds exclusively on jellyfish, without them jellyfish populations would spiral out of control. 11. Without these prongs, as the turtle expels excess water, the jellyfish would slip straight back out. Egg collection in Malaysia and Thailand has caused a virtual population collapse. Female leatherback sea turtles mate once every two or three years. They dive to depths of 1200m and are the deepest diving reptile. The Leatherback has quite a long oesophagus leading from the mouth through to the back of the body, and then looping up again until it reaches the stomach. All photos used are royalty-free, and credits are included in the Alt tag of each image. The other finds food in the regions around South America and nest in Mexico, El Salvador and Nicaragua. Their smooth, leathery skin covers a flexible matrix of bone. This helps to keep my website running so that I can continue sharing information with all of you and hopefully saving some turtles lives. The coastline of the Mayumba National Park is home to one of the largest nesting populations with almost 30,000 turtles visiting every year. After about two months, the eggs hatch, and the baby turtles must dig themselves out of the sand and run for the ocean. Diet: Leatherbacks have delicate, scissor-like jaws. Once prevalent in oceans across the world (apart from the Arctic and Antarctic), many of these turtles fall victim to human activity as well as natural prey. However egg consumption by humans have added to the decline. The Leatherback Turtle is a tier 10 animal. 48,000 XP is required for a sea turtle to evolve into a leatherback turtle. See more ideas about Turtle, Leatherback turtle and Sea. Leatherback sea turtles prefer pelagic habitats, which are wide spans of open ocean far from shore. Diet and Foraging Ecology ..... 7 3.6. Instead of a shell, like other sea turtles, leatherbacks have thick leathery skin across their backs. Contact a park ranger to report a person disturbing a sea turtle nest or an injured, dead, or harassed sea turtle. As such, any purchases you make from my website may earn me a small fee. Hawksbills for example, are mainly found on and around coral reefs where their main prey sponges are found. Painted Turtle Pet – What To Feed A Painted Turtle, The Difference Between Turtle And Tortoise And Terrapins. Leatherback sea turtles have not been domesticated in any way. Instead, they have pointed tooth-like cusps and sharp-edged jaws that are perfectly adapted for a diet of soft-bodied open ocean prey, such as jellyfish and salps. For example, green sea turtles are mainly carnivorous from hatching until juvenile size; then progressively shift to an herbivorous diet. It is remarkable that this large, active animal can survive on a diet of jellyfish, which are composed mostly of water and appear to be a poor source of nutrients. Leatherback turtles are the fourth largest reptile on Earth. 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